Stocks cut gains, Dow still 200 points higher

Stocks surged on Tuesday as a record jump in retail sales — coupled with positive trial results from a potential coronavirus treatment and hopes of more stimulus — sent market sentiment soaring. 

The Dow Jones Industrial Average traded more than 350 points higher, or 1.5%. The S&P 500 gained 1.4% while the Nasdaq Composite climbed 1.2%.

The U.S. government reported a record 17.7% increase in retail sales for May. Economists polled by Dow Jones expected a gain of 7.7%. President Donald Trump touted the strong data, adding it “looks like a BIG DAY FOR THE STOCK MARKET, AND JOBS!”

Meanwhile, multiple reports said dexamethasone — a widely available drug — can help critically ill cornavirus patients. The treatment reportedly reduced Covid-19 deaths in hospitalized patients by up to one third.

“A potential Covid steroid treatment in the UK combined with record retail sales and news of additional stimulus has been met with unbridled optimism,” said Mike Loewengart, a managing director at E-Trade. “We’ve been used to seeing record lows in economic fundamentals over the past few months and to see the pendulum swing so far in the other direction is nothing if not encouraging.”

Shares of companies that would benefit from the economy reopening led the gains. United, Delta and American Airlines all rose at least 6.5%. Norwegian Cruise Line, Carnival and Royal Caribbean jumped more than 7% each. MGM Resorts, Kohl’s and Simon Property advanced 5.6%, 11.4% and 7.2%, respectively. 

Sentiment was also lifted after Bloomberg News reported, citing people familiar with the plan, the Trump administration is drawing up a $1 trillion infrastructure proposal. The report said a preliminary version being prepared would set aside the majority of the money for traditional infrastructure projects such as roads and bridges, though funds would also be reserved for 5G wireless infrastructure and rural broadband.

Stocks came off their highs after Federal Reserve Chairman Powell said the central bank would adjust corporate bond buying based on market conditions and that it didn’t want to run through the bond market ‘like an elephant.”

Powell added that the Fed followed through with its buying of corporate bonds because it said it would. The comment may have disappointed traders who wanted the Fed to keep its foot on the pedal even as financial market conditions improve

The moves Tuesday followed a striking rebound in U.S. equity markets a day earlier. 

The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed 157.62 points higher on Monday after the blue-chip index fell more than 760 points earlier in the session. The S&P 500 gained 0.8% while the Nasdaq Composite advanced 1.4%. The S&P 500 and Nasdaq had fallen as much as 2.5% and 1.9%, respectively, before erasing those losses.

“The [S&P 500] followed last week’s sizable drawdown with a daily positive reversal for the ages yesterday,” said Frank Cappelleri, executive director at Instinet. “If there was ever an example of unadulterated dip buying, we saw it yesterday.”

Cappelleri noted the June trading action thus far reminds him of last month, when a small topping pattern started to form, but ended up being a “bear trap.” 

Traders pointed to an announcement from the Federal Reserve during Monday’s session for an abrupt move higher.

The central bank said it would buy individual corporate bonds and signaled a broader approach to corporate bond buying that had remained a matter of speculation until Monday afternoon. The Fed indicated earlier in the spring that it would buy bonds on the primary market, but Monday’s announcement expanded its operations into the secondary market. 

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